Educational Psychology And Its Basic Components
When we study the methodologies of how people learn including the overall academic process, the difference in attaining education, learning outcomes or different frailties, we learn about the educational psychology. People who study this field develop the understanding of how people perceive learning and how they store knowledge especially in a closed educational environment, i.e. classroom settings.
Educational Psychology is about developing an in-depth understanding of various learning processes, which includes social, emotional and cognitive aspects. This area of learning greatly focuses on the different methods of teaching techniques along with various social and behavior problems of the students that may hinder in learning. A large number of studies in the field of educational psychology are programmed for children from infancy to adolescence. In recent years, with the rise in adult learning, additional efforts have been made to focus on adult education as well. There are different dimensions of educational psychology, which we need to understand, in order to know more about this field of study.
The Behavioral Perspective:
While studying the educational psychology, the psychologist centers the behavioral perspective of the student, which helps them depend on the principles of operand conditioning to elucidate how learning transpires. This aspect puts into perspective of how the learning process occurs. It helps the teachers in rewarding or punishing the students based on their behaviors.
The Development Perspective:
This model helps the psychologists in understanding the development of skills and knowledge of the children. The most popular theory used to study the cognitive development is of Jean Paget’s in which, the psychologist studies the intellectual growth of children. By studying the theory in detail the teachers can understand the perception of the students at every stage, which can help in understanding the growth capabilities of every student.
The Cognitive Perspective:
Over the recent years, this approach has gained much popularity because of how it amalgamates different learning processes like memories, beliefs, motivations, emotions that combine to know about the learning process of every individual. This particular perspective evaluates the ability of the individuals to reason, absorb, recollect and decipher any information. The educational psychologists use the theory to motivate the children to learn along with other things.
The Constructive Approach:
The modern learning theory includes the knowledge of actively constructive learning, around the globe. By studying the social and cultural differences of the children, the psychologists can study the impact of how children learn. This approach relies mainly on the theory of Lev Vygotsky in which, the psychologist studies each precinct of proximal expansion along with the instructional scaffolding.
By studying educational psychology, we can know about a lot of instructive learning and development of the children and enhance their erudition processes. This field of study includes various topics of interest that are educational technology, instructional design, special education, organizational learning and gifted learners.
Benefits of the Educational Psychology:
Apart from helping the teachers in gaining insights of different perceiving abilities of the students, educational psychology also helps the psychologists to focus on various challenges on learning that includes dyslexia or deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It offers the solution of how to proceed with different learning situations faced by students and benefit them in their development process.
The educational psychology helps in achieving the solutions for academic processes for learning that helps students and teachers simultaneously. Irrespective of the targeted groups the psychologists study, the global outcomes remain the same. Psychologists also study the effect of different factors on learning that includes age or social background. It answers the questions like how does a person’s ability to learn a new language gets affected by age or how does education in remote areas is different from those that have access to technology?
In today’s world, it is extremely important for the psychologists to know more about the learning abilities of the children by focusing on the factors affecting their skills and knowledge. The studies conducted by the educational psychologists enhances the learning abilities of the children and also help in modernizing the teaching mechanisms in the learning environment especially in the classrooms. The study not only supports the students in their education but extensively benefits in increasing the better efficiency of the individuals in community organizations, learning centres and even research centers.
Emily Brook is currently pursuing her PhD. She is a multi-talented professional and also offers a proficient thesis help service for college and university students. Emily also provides the students with career counselling sessions for free. In her free time, she likes to bake cake and other delicacies.